NIST Releases Updated Draft of Cybersecurity Framework

On December 5, 2017, the National Institute of Standards and Technology (“NIST”) announced the publication of a second draft of a proposed update to the Framework for Improving Critical Infrastructure Cybersecurity (“Cybersecurity Framework”), Version 1.1, Draft 2. NIST has also published an updated draft Roadmap to the Cybersecurity Framework, which “details public and private sector efforts related to and supportive of [the] Framework.”

Updates to the Cybersecurity Framework

The second draft of Version 1.1 is largely consistent with Version 1.0. Indeed, the second draft was explicitly designed to maintain compatibility with Version 1.0 so that current users of the Cybersecurity Framework are able to implement the Version 1.1 “with minimal or no disruption.” Nevertheless, there are notable changes between the second draft of Version 1.1 and Version 1.0, which include:

Increased emphasis that the Cybersecurity Framework is intended for broad application across all industry sectors and types of organizations. Although the Cybersecurity Framework was originally developed to improve cybersecurity risk management in critical infrastructure sectors, the revisions note that the Cybersecurity Framework “can be used by organizations in any sector or community” and is intended to be useful to companies, government agencies, and nonprofits, “regardless of their focus or size.” As with Version 1.0, users of the Cybersecurity Framework Version 1.1 are “encouraged to customize the Framework to maximize individual organizational value.” This update is consistent with previous updatesto NIST’s other publications, which indicate that NIST is attempting to broaden the focus and encourage use of its cybersecurity guidelines by state, local, and tribal governments, as well as private sector organizations.

An explicit acknowledgement of a broader range of cybersecurity threats. As with Version 1.0, NIST intended the Cybersecurity Framework to be technology-neutral. This revision explicitly notes that the Cybersecurity Framework can be used by all organizations, “whether their cybersecurity focus is primarily on information technology (“IT”), cyber-physical systems (“CPS”) or connected devices more generally, including the Internet of Things (“IoT”). This change is also consistent with previous updates to NIST’s other publications, which have recently been amended to recognize that cybersecurity risk impacts many different types of systems.

Augmented focus on cybersecurity management of the supply chain. The revised draft expanded section 3.3 to emphasize the importance of assessing the cybersecurity risks up and down supply chains. NIST explains that cyber supply chain risk management (“SCRM”) should address both “the cybersecurity effect an organization has on external parties and the cybersecurity effect external parties have on an organization.” The revised draft incorporates these activities into the Cybersecurity Framework Implementation Tiers, which generally categorize organizations based on the maturity of their cybersecurity programs and awareness. For example, organizations in Tier 1, with the least mature or “partial” awareness, are “generally unaware” of the cyber supply chain risks of products and services, while organizations in Tier 4 use “real-time or near real-time information to understand and consistently act upon” cyber supply chain risks and communicate proactively “to develop and maintain strong supply chain relationships.” The revised draft emphasizes that all organizations should consider cyber SCRM when managing cybersecurity risks.

Increased emphasis on cybersecurity measures and metrics. NIST added a new section 4.0 to the Cybersecurity Framework that highlights the benefits of self-assessing cybersecurity risk based on meaningful measurement criteria, and emphasizes “the correlation of business results to cybersecurity risk management.” According to the draft, “metrics” can “facilitate decision making and improve performance and accountability.” For example, an organization can have standards for system availability and this measurement can be used at a metric for developing appropriate safeguards to evaluate delivery of services under the Framework’s Protect Function. This revision is consistent with the recently-released NIST Special Publication 800-171A, discussed in a previous blog post, which explains the types of cybersecurity assessments that can be used to evaluate compliance with the security controls of NIST Special Publication 800-171.

Future Developments to the Cybersecurity Framework

NIST is soliciting public comments on the draft Cybersecurity Framework and Roadmap no later than Friday, January 19, 2018. Comments can be emailed to cyberframework@nist.gov.

NIST intends to publish a final Cybersecurity Framework Version 1.1 in early calendar year 2018.

 

© 2017 Covington & Burling LLP
This post was written by Susan B. Cassidy and Moriah Daugherty of Covington & Burling LLP.
 

White House Will Unveil Cyber Executive Actions At A Summit This Week

Squire Patton Boggs (US) LLP law firm

Legislative Activity

This Week’s Hearings:

  • Wednesday, February 11: The Senate Commerce, Science and Transportation Committee will hold a hearing titled “The Connected World: Examining the Internet of Things.”

  • Thursday, February 12: The House Homeland Security Subcommittee on Cybersecurity, Infrastructure Protection and Security Technologies will host a hearing titled “Emerging Threats and Technologies to Protect the Homeland.”

  • Thursday, February 12: The House Education and the Workforce Subcommittee on Early Childhood, Elementary and Secondary Education will hold a hearing titled “How Emerging Technology Affects Student Privacy.”

  • Thursday, February 12: The House Science, Space and Technology Subcommittee on Research and Technology and Subcommittee on Oversight will hold a joint hearing titled “Can Americans Trust the Privacy and Security of their Information on HealthCare.gov?”

Regulatory Activity

White House Will Unveil Cyber Executive Actions at a Summit this Week

On Friday, February 13, the White House will hold its Summit on Cybersecurity and Consumer Protection at Stanford University. President Obama will be speaking at the Summit and plans to issue a new Executive Order focusing on ways to increase cybersecurity information sharing between the private sector and the U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS).

The executive action will likely expand the current work that DHS’s National Cybersecurity and Communications Integration Center (NCCIC) does to include a new concept of Information Sharing and Analysis Organizations (ISAO), which was briefly previewed by the President last month. As currently discussed, ISAOs would be designed to share information across multiple industry sectors to supplement the work of the current network of Information Sharing and Analysis Centers (ISACs).  According to press reports from government officials, the executive action is expected to create a network of ISAOs that would be managed by DHS in the beginning and eventually would become a privately-run entity. Several government officials and industry representatives have said that the President’s action will represent a step forward to improving the current information sharing platforms but they also recognize that information sharing legislation is still needed.

In addition to the Summit on Friday, the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) will hold a half-day workshop on Thursday focused on the technical aspects of consumer security. The Office of Science and Technology Policy will also host a meeting leading up to the Summit on Thursday focused on cybersecurity workforce development.

White House Blog Highlights Future Action on Cyber Risk Management

Last week, White House Cybersecurity Coordinator Michael Daniel wrote a blog post on how companies can strengthen their cyber risk management and the role of the federal government in incentivizing stronger cybersecurity practices in the private sector. He notes in the post that the White House believes “the market offers the most effective incentives for the private sector to adopt strong cybersecurity practices,” but also stated that the Obama Administration will continue to work in a variety of areas to support these efforts by streamlining regulations, investing in cybersecurity research and development, and updating federal procurement policies and practice. Daniel wrote that the White House is working with federal agencies and critical infrastructure to identify regulations that are excessively burdensome, conflicting, or ineffective and will release a report on the findings no later than February 2016. Additionally, the White House plans to release a report this spring on the key priorities for cybersecurity research and development over the next three to five years.

The blog post also noted that the White House will not pursue public recognition as a means of incentivizing the private sector to adopt cybersecurity best practices or the NIST Cybersecurity Framework given that this could take away from the voluntary nature of the Framework. While Daniel did not mention liability protection as an incentive for greater information sharing in the blog post, it is still a possible incentive that the White House would support given that it was also included in the information sharing legislative proposal that the President released last month.

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